Capital

Chisinau

Population

4.03 million

Dialing code

+373

Currency

Moldovan Leu
Moldova officially the Republic of Moldova is located in Southeastern Europe between Prut and Dniester Rivers having on the map a shape that resembles a bunch of grapes. Lying near the Black Sea, where winemaking is thought to have begun, Moldova is known for its wine crafted with dedication through centuries and its wineries that gained worldwide fame, but there are many more interesting things to be discovered about the country.
Bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south, it covers an area of 33,851 km2 and lies between latitudes 45°28' and 48°28' North (350 km), and mostly between meridians 26°40' and 30°06' East (150 km). The Prut River that forms the western border of the country with Romania joins the Danube before flowing into the Black Sea. more
Moldova’s access to the Danube (480 m) is of great importance, as it opened the direct access of the country to international waters. Its port on the Danube - Giurgiulesti International Free Port, built in 2006 and the passenger terminal, have allowed the cruise ships to reach Moldova on the river and to dock in the port while the tourists discover the south of the country. The close proximity of the country to the Black Sea, favoured it to belong to the group of countries located in the Black Sea Basin, having access to the sea through the Danube River and the Dniester estuary (liman).
Extreme points:
Northernmost point: Naslavcea - 48°28' N lat.;
Southernmost point: Giurgiulesti - 45°28' N lat.;
Westernmost point: Criva - 26°40' E long.;
Easternmost point: Palanca - 30°06' E long.;
Lowest point: Dniester River (2 m below sea level);
Highest point: Balanesti hill (430 m above sea level).
Located in the heart of the old European continent, Moldova is definitely a worth visiting destination due to its splendid and intact nature, abundant vineyards, word’s largest wine cellars and good quality wines, authentic culture, hospitable people and century-old customs and traditions. 
The landscape of Moldova represents a hilly plain sloping from the northwest to the southeast having an average elevation of about 147 m above sea level. Most of Moldova’s territory is characterized by rolling hills and valleys crossed by many streams that flow into Prut and Dniester rivers, forming the Moldovan Plateau, while Transnistria region has spurs of the Podolian Plateau.
Moldovan land is covered with chernozem (rich fertile black soil), suitable for growing delicious grapes, as well as other fruits and vegetables. The grapes have been grown and made into wine in this region for thousands of years, and thus the wine holds a special place in local culture. 
The north of the country is characterized by gently rolling uplands of the Dniester Hills, more
also known as the Northern Moldovan Plateau, interlaced with small flat plains in the valleys of the numerous creeks. The altitude of the hills varies between 240 and 320 m. While at the Northernmost point of Moldova, near Naslavcea village, located on the right bank of the Dniester River, you will discover a rare beauty. The village secretly “guards” an amazing green jewel - an island between two banks of the Dniester in the shape of a heart! In this place, its waters flow from the territory of Ukraine to the east and cross the border with Moldova, widening on the island, which divides the riverbed into two branches. It is covered by a picturesque forest of poplars and shrubs, and from any high point of the village of Naslavcea, a stunning view opens on the most romantic place of interest in here - they say that this is the heart of the Dniester River itself.
To the west, in the Prut area, there are many reefs, called “Toltrele Prutului”. Also known as Prut Rocks they are a chain of limestone reef formations along the middle course of the Prut River in Moldova, starting from Criva, near the northern border area of the country and continuing along a distance of 200 km to the south reaching Cobani. They are made of limestone reefs of corals, molluscs, clams, algae and other marine organisms that filled the Tortonian and Sarmatian seas 10 - 20 million years ago.
In the centre, there are the hills of central Moldova, known as the Central Moldovan Plateau the altitude of which varies between 350 and 400 m. They are ridges interlaced by deep, flat valleys. Steep forest-clad slopes represent much of the terrain, where hornbeam, oak, linden, maple are the most common trees. The forests that grow in the hilly areas of central Moldova are named “Codri”, but the term generally refers to all the forests between the Carpathians and the Dniester River.
To the southeast, the southern part of the Central Moldovan Plateau, which averages 150 - 200 meters and has numerous ravines and gullies, gradually vanishes into the extensive Bugeac Plain.
Moldova’s nature is unspoiled, as the country has been protected from industrialization. Here you will have the possibility to relax in a pleasant atmosphere, while the ecologic habitat and uncontaminated air will create for you the perfect conditions for a full of emotions stay. The multitude of nature reserves, the landscape with hills and plains, rivers and lakes, cliffs and knolls, covered with secular forests and vine plantations will offer you incredible experiences.
Moldova is divided into 32 districts (“raioane”), 13 municipalities and two autonomous regions (Gagauzia and Transnistria). Chisinau (in Romanian language Chișinău) is the capital and the main administrative, territorial, economic, scientific and cultural centre of Moldova. The capital is located in the middle of the country, on the river Bac, a tributary of Dniester and has a population of over 800,000 inhabitants. It is located on seven hills and is divided into 5 sectors: Centre, Buiucani, Botanica, Riscani and Ciocana, covering a territory of 123 km2Founded in 1436, the city was part of the Principality of Moldova, a historical region corresponding to the territory between the Eastern Carpathians and the Dniester River.
Nowadays, more
Chisinau, known as the “green city”, becomes more and more attractive to tourists due to its various buildings of historical and cultural importance, as well as the possibilities for leisure in its beautiful parks and inner lakes. 
Other important cities in the country are: Balti (the third most populated city of Moldova having a population of around 150,000 inhabitants), Cahul (a city in southern Moldova known for its mineral spring waters), Orhei (one of the oldest cities in Moldova founded in 1437), Soroca (located on the Dniester River and known for its medieval fortress - Soroca Fortress, built by Stephen the Great in 1499), Comrat (capital of the Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia), Tighina (located in Transnistria and known for its medieval fortress), Tiraspol (capital and the largest city in Transnistria located on the Eastern bank of the Dniester River).  
The climate of Moldova is moderately continental. Moldova’s proximity to the Black Sea gives it a mild and sunny climate. The summers are warm, dry and long, with average temperatures of more than 25 °C and the winters are relatively mild and dry, with temperatures in January month averaging −4 °C. From April month, the weather gets warmer and the nature becomes green inviting visitors to explore Moldova. In October, you will be able to admire the beauty of trees with different colour leaves. The highest temperature ever recorded in Moldova was 41.5 °C and the lowest temperature ever recorded was −35.5 °C. 
Populated from ancient times, the territory of Moldova was influenced by different cultures of the world civilization: from the Roman colonization of Dacia to the contact with Ottoman Turks, Tatars and Mongols and Slavic people.
The cultural heritage of the Republic of Moldova represents a total of cultural values and goods of local, national and global importance.
The tangible cultural heritage includes important archaeological sites, manors, fortresses, monasteries and churches, monuments, building ensembles - squares, streets, quarters, villages and urban centres, etc. A pearl of the cultural heritage of Moldova with millenary history, is the Cultural, Natural and Landscape Reserve Orheiul Vechi (Old Orhei) located 60 km North of Chisinau in the gorge of the Raut River, more
between Butuceni, Trebujeni and Morovaia villages. It comprises a wide range of cultural sites from various historical eras, such as: Geto-Dacian settlements (10th - 2nd centuries B.C.), the remnants of a Geto-Dacian fortress (4th - 3rd centuries B.C.), Geto-Dacian defence walls (10th - 2nd centuries B.C.), the remnants of Sehr al-Cedid city and stone citadel built by the Golden Horde (14th century), the remnants of a Christian stone fortress (second half of the 14th century - 16th century), the remnants of a public Tatar bath (14th century), cave monasteries including Pestera Monastery composed by a church and 11 monk cells (15th century; the bell tower was built in the 19th century).
The intangible cultural heritage is rich in traditions and customs, primarily related to national music, dances, songs, food, wine, as well as arts and crafts decoration. They offer the visitors the opportunity to learn about the daily life of native people, discover their hospitality and taste the traditional Moldovan dishes based on local products. Many of the traditions are a product of interference between Geto-Dacian culture and the culture of other civilizations, most of all the Romans, and they are also found in Romania.
Moldova has many traditions related to the celebration of winter holidays. As a Christian-Orthodox country, it celebrates Christmas, one of the most important religious holidays, with many activities related to cooking traditional foods and singing carols. Christmas is celebrated by many people on the 25th of December, however there are still people, who celebrate it on the 7th of December (old rite). On Christmas Eve, mostly in the villages, groups of people go from house to house and sing “colinde” (carols). The families would then thank them and give them different small gifts such as nuts, dried fruits, cookies, etc. In Moldova, Christmas and New Years are two holidays that are linked to each other, while the elements of the Christian faith are combined with hopes for a better new year. On New Year’s Eve, groups of boys (and sometimes girls), go to different houses to perform “urături” (poems and chants that contain wishes for a good new year). In the morning of the New Year’s Day, groups of children and occasionally adults, go from house to house and say poems for good wishes in the New Year throwing grain seeds (wheat, oats, rye, corn, etc.) in the house of the host as a sign good luck for crop abundance, prosperity and health for the coming year. Therefore, if you love winter and its holidays, you are invited to discover Moldova during this season and if it is snowy, you can enjoy a sledge ride, while discovering the traditions of the country.
For centuries, Moldova has been known as a country with hospitable and friendly people. The householders from the rural areas will be honoured to receive you as a guest. The guests are usually invited in “Casa Mare” - a traditional room where all the family holidays are celebrated, being served at the same time the most delicious dishes. 
Moldovan cuisine is famous for a wide variety of dishes and is ideal to go with fine Moldovan wine. It is based on meat, fish, vegetables, fruits, cereals, and cheese. One of the best known Moldovan dish is “mămăliga”, a cornmeal thick porridge served either with meat stew or fried fish and/or garnished with sheep cheese and sour cream. An interesting fact about “mămăliga” is that it is cut into slices with a thread by making a cross while cutting it in order to bless the table. Another traditional dish prepared from vine or cabbage leaves stuffed with rice mixed with vegetables and meat is named “sarmale”. The size of “sarmale” may vary depending on the region and they are traditionally served with sour cream. In Lalova village, you will have the possibility to taste some of the smallest “sarmale” in Moldova. more
At the guesthouse located here, they are made without meat, and if you are vegetarian, you should definitely taste them. You should also try “plăcinte” (traditional pastry filled with soft cheese, potatoes, cabbage, pumpkin or sour cherries), “zeama” (chicken soup with homemade noodles), “răcitura” (meat jelly), “mititei” (grilled sausages with pepper).
Moldova’s fertile soil (chernozem) produces plentiful grapes, fruits, vegetables, grains used for preparing a wide range of dishes. The vegetables are used in salads or they are baked, steamed, stewed, pickled (murături) or marinated, thus becoming real culinary works of art. The rural households, where many vegetables and fruits are grown on their own land, preserve them in glass jars for winter. The glass is resistant to the salts and acids (vinegar) that are used for preserving vegetables. Different fruits are preserved in glass jars by making “compot” (a non-alcoholic sweet beverage obtained by cooking fruits such as cherries, strawberries, peaches, apples, plums or apricots, etc. or mixed fruits, in a large volume of water, often together with sugar), jams or marmalade. Often fruits such as sour cherries, etc. are preserved in jars in their own juice. The jars are kept in “beci” (cellar) near the rural house, where there is properly cold for their preservation.
Moldovan desserts include pastries, rolls and buns with different fillings (cheese, fruits or wallnuts) such as sweet “plăcinte”, “învârtită” (nut roll), “cozonac” (sweetened yeast bread traditionally made during Easter), “pască” (traditional Easter bread, sometimes sweetened, made from leavened dough that is stuffed in the center mainly with cheese), “clătite” (very thin pancakes often filled with cheese or sour cherries). The pancakes filled with sour cherries, spread with sour cream blended with sugar and sprinkled with grated dark chocolate represent “Cușma lui Guguță” (Guguta’s Hat) dessert. Guguta is the main character of the folk stories “Guguță și Prietenii Săi” (Guguta and his friends) written by Spiridon Vangheli. One of the stories, “Cușma lui Guguță” (Guguta’s Hat), relates about how Guguta, a small shepherd with a big traditional wool hat, wanted to protect his village from the cold winter and fit everybody under his hat. The dessert may perfectly represent the essence of Moldovan people.  
Moldova is a small country with a wide variety of tourist attractions, which form a vast offer for its visitors. The country’s tourism potential includes a complex combination of natural and anthropologic areas: landscape reserves, nature reserves, ancient cave monasteries, historical and architectural monuments, etc. The wine cellars, which are unique in the world, represent the distinctive feature of the country.
Nature Monuments and Reserves in Moldova 
Monasteries in Moldova
Wineries in Moldova
Fortresses and UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Moldova
There are many cultural and tourist events organized in Moldova and below you can see some of them. However, changes and updates may occur and because of that, it is necessary to verify the information before traveling.
9 January 2020 – Milestii Mici Wine Run (a unique race through the world’s biggest wine cellar), location: Milestii Mici winery, Milestii Mici village
29 February 2020 – Underland Wine and Music Festival (wine and street culture festival), location: Cricova winery, Cricova town
1-10 March 2020 – Martisor International Music Festival (performances are held daily in the capital, with the participation of local and foreign artists and representative music and dance bands), location: Chisinau city
1 May 2020 – Mai Vin (first picnic of Spring at Asconi winery), more
location: Asconi winery, Puhoi village
2 May 2020 – Orheiul Vechi Mountain Bike Marathon (cycling marathon), location: Orheiul Vechi
23 May 2020 – Urban Vibes (urban culture festival), location: Chisinau city
31 May 2020 – Mai Dulce (festival of sweet traditions), location: Chisinau city
7 June 2020 – Duminica Mare (festival of Moldovan traditions), location: Domulgeni village, Floresti district
13 June 2020 – Rosé Day at Castel Mimi winery (unlimited Rosé wine, live music, entertainment and delicious meals), location: Castel Mimi winery, Bulboaca village
14 June 2020 – Frumos Covor Basarabean (festival of traditional carpets included in the UNESCO’s List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage), location: Clisova Noua village, Orhei district
19 -21 June 2020 – Open-Air Classical Music Festival DescOPERA (unique opportunity to enjoy the beauty of classical music played live in a unique setting: an improvised scene in the nature, fresh air and amazing views), location: Cultural, Natural and Landscape Reserve Orheiul Vechi near Butuceni village
28 June 2020 – Folk Costume Day (ethno-folklore festival), location: Chisinau city
5 July 2020 – Ia Mania Festival (festival of arts born out of traditions), location: Holercani village, Criuleni district
30 August 2020 – VINOPERA (open-air music recital with unlimited wine), location: Castel Mimi winery, Bulboaca village
4 - 16 September 2019 – “Maria Biesu” International Opera and Ballet Festival, location: Chisinau city
5 September 2020 – Purcari Wine Run (a unique trail run through vineyards), location: Purcari village, Stefan-Voda district
19 - 20 September 2020 – Bostaniada (ethno-gastronomic festival), location: Balabanesti village, Criuleni district
20 - 30 September 2020 – European Heritage Days at Castel Mimi winery (cultural festival), location: Castel Mimi winery, Bulboaca village
25 - 27 September 2020 – Chisinau International Marathon, location: Chisinau city

25 - 27 September 2020 – Ethno Jazz International Music Festival, location: Chisinau city

3 - 4 October 2020 – National Wine Day (the greatest celebration of wine traditions), location: Chisinau city
17 December 2020 – Wine Vernissage (wine tasting in a gala atmosphere), location: Chisinau city
The national currency of the Republic of Moldova is Moldovan leu (MDL), the plural form being lei. 1 leu is equivalent to 100 bani (coins). The credit cards are accepted in banks, hotels, travel agencies and shops. All the banks and exchange offices, located on the entire territory of Moldova, do the money exchange.
1 EUR = approx. 20.03 lei
1 USD = approx. 17.89 lei 
The citizens of the following states do not need visas to entry on the territory of the Republic of Moldova for a period of stay until 90 days, during six months from the moment of the first entry (however changes can occur and the list could be updated, it’s necessary to check the information before travelling):
Republic of Albania
United States of America
Principality of Andorra
Antigua and Barbuda
United Arab Emirates
Argentine Republic
Republic of Armenia
Commonwealth of Australia
Republic of Austria
Republic of Azerbaijan
Commonwealth of the Bahamas
Barbados
Republic of Belarus
Kingdom of Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Federative Republic of Brazil
Nation of Brunei, more
Abode of Peace
Republic of Bulgaria
Canada
Czech Republic
Republic of Chile
Republic of Cyprus
Republic of Colombia
Republic of Korea
Republic of Costa Rica
Republic of Croatia
Republic of Cuba
Kingdom of Denmark
Commonwealth of Dominica
Republic of Ecuador
Hellenic Republic
Swiss Confederation
Republic of Estonia
Republic of Finland
Republic of France
Georgia
Federal Republic of Germany
Grenada
Republic of Guatemala
Republic of Honduras
Republic of Ireland
Iceland
State of Israel
Republic of Italy
State of Japan
Republic of Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Republic of Kiribati
Republic of Latvia
Principality of Liechtenstein
Republic of Lithuania
Luxembourg
Republic of North Macedonia
Malaysia
Republic of Malta
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Republic of the Marshall Islands
Republic of Mauritius
United Mexican States
Federated States of Micronesia
Principality of Monaco
Montenegro
Republic of Nicaragua
Kingdom of Norway
Republic of Palau
Republic of Panama
Republic of Paraguay
Republic of Peru
Republic of Poland
Portuguese Republic
Romania
Russian Federation
Republic of El Salvador
Independent State of Samoa
Most Serene Republic of San Marino
Republic of Serbia
Republic of Seychelles
Saint Lucia
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Holy See
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Republic of Singapore
Slovak Republic
Republic of Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Kingdom of Spain
Kingdom of Sweden
Republic of Tajikistan
Kingdom of the Netherlands
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Kingdom of Tonga
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Republic of Turkey
Tuvalu
Ukraine
Hungary
Oriental Republic of Uruguay
Republic of Uzbekistan
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Republic of Vanuatu
New Zealand
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